Fishing in Canada
As the second-largest country by area in the entire world, Canada has a number of different points of interest to offer. Be it hockey or some of the world’s finest natural sceneries, Canada is not going to be a disappointment. Stretching to the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic oceans, Canada is a huge piece of land in terms of the area that is divided into ten provinces and three major territories.
From dense forests to many miles of coastlines which can be found not only on the eastern but on the northern and western borders as well, Canada has a highly variable climate to offer, leading to a considerably higher number of lakes than anywhere else in the world – in fact, it has over 60% of the world’s lakes as well as the majority of its freshwater supply.
There is no argument about the fact that with such a vast amount of lakes, rivers, and oceans on the borders, fishing has to be one of the conspicuous elements of the Canadian landscape.
Canada has a rich fishing history and, even in the present era, is capable of supporting fishing with minimum impact on its fisheries. Fishing in Canada, like in most developed countries, requires licensing from regulatory authorities to ensure that the activity is being done according to its laws and regulations.
Since Canada encompasses such vast geographical regions with regards to fishing, its Department of Fisheries and Oceans manages six major zones covering all Canadian provinces and territories. These regions include the following:
- Pacific (British Columbia, Yukon Territory)
- Arctic and Central (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Manitoba Saskatchewan, Alberta)
- Gulf (Prince Edward Island and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence covering New Brunswick and Nova Scotia)
- Maritimes (Bay of Fundy watershed in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Atlantic Ocean- Nova Scotia)
- Newfoundland and Labrador
Fishing Canada’s Oceans and Lakes
With the longest coastline in the world at over 125,000 miles (201,168 km), one can easily understand why Canada caters to some of the best saltwater fishing in the world.
Whether it is inshore or deep sea fishing in Canada for trophy Salmon or Halibut in places like Vancouver or testing yourself against 1000 lb Bluefin Tuna off the waters of Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia, you’ll surely be impressed with this great country’s offerings.
Keep in mind that hiring a Canadian fishing guide or fishing charter will usually make your angling experience more rewarding while exploring its many lakes and coastlines or venturing offshore.
Freshwater fishing in Canada is world-renowned for its massive number of spectacular lakes, rivers, and streams spread throughout the country as well as its astounding number of fish species that can be targeted.
Listed here are just some of the top Canadian fishing locations along with the fish species for which they are best known. These destinations will certainly provide you with some of the most exciting freshwater fishing experiences in the world.
- Jasper National Park – Canadian Rockies, Alberta: Rainbow Trout, Brook Trout
- Tree river – Nunavut: Arctic Char, Lake Trout
- Tobin lake – Saskatchewan: Walleye, Northern Pike, Rainbow Trout
- Lake Athabasca, Saskatchewan: Lake Trout, Arctic Grayling, Northern Pike, Walleye
- Kispiox River – British Columbia: Native wild Steelhead, Coho, King Salmon
- Fraser River, British Columbia: White Sturgeon, Steelhead, Sockeye, Chinook, Pink Salmon
- Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories: Lake Trout, Northern Pike, Arctic Grayling
- Bay of Quinte – Northern shore of Lake Ontario: Walleyes, Northern Pike, Perch, Salmon
- Thousand Islands, Ontario: Carp, Largemouth Bass, Muskie
- Mistassini Lake, Quebec: Brook Trout, Lake Trout, Walleye, Pike
- Saint John River, New Brunswick: Striped Bass, Muskie, Atlantic Salmon, Smallmouth Bass
- Wolf River, Yukon: Arctic Grayling, Lake Char, Trout, Pike, Whitefish
- Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba: Walleye, Northern Pike, Cisco, Lake Whitefish, Yellow Perch
- Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories: Lake Trout, Arctic Char, Arctic Grayling
Keep in mind that these are only a fraction of all the locations and species that Canada has to offer for fishing. Rest assured, you are bound to have quite a diverse, not to mention exciting, experience when fishing in Canada.